The Reserve Bank is responsible for bank regulation and supervision in South Africa. The purpose is to achieve a sound, efficient banking system in the interest of the depositors of banks and the economy as a whole.
This function is performed by issuing banking licences to banking institutions, and monitoring their activities in terms of either the Banks Act (No. 94 of 1990), or the Mutual Banks Act (No. 124 of 1993) and the Regulations relating thereto.